Arbitration is a procedure in which a dispute is submitted, by agreement of the parties, to one or more arbitrators who make a binding decision on the dispute. When choosing arbitration, the parties opt for a private dispute resolution procedure instead of going to court. Like the courts, arbitral tribunals generally have the same authority to pay the costs associated with the settlement of the dispute. In the case of international arbitration, as well as domestic arbitration, which is governed by the laws of countries where courts may pay costs against a losing party, the arbitral tribunal shall also determine the portion of the arbitrator`s fees that the losing party will bear. The Korean Arbitration Law is the most important law governing arbitration in the Republic of Korea. The official body that settles disputes through arbitration is the Korean Council of Commercial Arbitration. Lawyers and companies in Korea increasingly prefer arbitration to litigation.  The number of arbitration proceedings in Korea is increasing year by year.  What is an arbitration agreement? This is usually a clause in a broader contract in which you agree to settle disputes that arise with your counterpart amicably through arbitration. Arbitration agreements are common in consumer and employment contracts, but additions can be offered to any contractual negotiation in which one or both parties wish to exclude the possibility of future litigation. Consumer advocates have fought the practice of companies requiring consumers to sign arbitration agreements because consumers generally do not know that they have waived their procedural rights and because arbitration decisions regularly favour businesses over consumers (for more information on disputes regularly resolved through arbitration mediation, you will also find employee complaints: Most legal disputes Disputes are settled in the case of arbitration or litigation?). In a survey of 19,000 mandatory arbitrations in California handled in 2003 by arbitrators appointed by the for-profit National Arbitration Forum (NAF), the nonprofit watchdog group Public Citizen found that companies won 94 percent of consumer disputes.
U.S. President William Howard Taft (1909-1913) was an important proponent of arbitration as an important reform of the progressive era. In 1911 Taft and his Secretary of State Philander C. Knox negotiated important treaties with Britain and France to settle disputes. Disputes had to be submitted to the court in The Hague or another court. These were signed in August 1911, but had to be ratified by two-thirds of the Senate. Neither Taft nor Knox consulted with members of the Senate during the negotiation process. To that end, many Republicans opposed Taft, and the president felt that lobbying too hard for treaties could cause their defeat. He gave a few speeches in October in which he supported the treaties, but the Senate added changes that Taft could not accept, killing the agreements.  Arbitration is often used to settle commercial disputes, particularly in international commercial transactions. In some countries, such as the United States, arbitration is also often used in consumer and employment matters, where arbitration may be required by terms of employment or commercial contracts and may involve a waiver of the right to bring a class action.
Mandatory consumer and labour arbitration should be distinguished from consensual arbitration, in particular commercial arbitration. If you need help drafting an arbitration agreement or understanding an arbitration agreement that has been given to you, you should contact an arbitration lawyer. The intention of the parties is of paramount importance. .