Wadi Araba Agreement

Discussions began in 1994. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres informed King Hussein that Jordan could be ”excluded from the big game” after the Oslo Accords with the PLO. Hussein met with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Syrian President Hafez al-Assad. Mubarak encouraged him, but Assad told him to ”talk” and not sign an agreement. US President Bill Clinton urged Hussein to start peace negotiations and sign a peace treaty with Israel and promised him that Jordan`s debt would be cancelled. The efforts were successful and Jordan signed a non-war agreement with Israel. Rabin, Hussein and Clinton signed the Washington Declaration on July 25, 1994 in Washington, DC. [5] The statement states that Israel and Jordan would end the official state of hostility and begin negotiations to achieve ”an end to the bloodshed and mourning” and a just and lasting peace. [6] ”That being said, Jordan has its interests in terms of security, economy and relations with the United States,” he added. ”He`s not going to play with the deal now. But if the right-wing extremist and nationalist approach continues, it may decide to take a step later. The tensions between Jerusalem and Amman are almost as old as the peace agreement itself.

The first major crisis occurred in 1997, after Netanyahu replaced Yitzhak Rabin as prime minister, when Israel`s Mossad spy agency attempted (and failed) to assassinate senior Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal in broad daylight on the streets of Amman. Egypt welcomed the deal, while Syria ignored it. The Lebanese militia Hezbollah opposed the treaty and launched mortar and rocket fire against towns in the northern Galilee 20 minutes before the ceremony. [8] Israeli residents, forced to evacuate cities for the safety of shelters, took away transistor radios and mobile televisions so as not to miss the historic moment of the signing of a second peace treaty with an Arab state. [Citation required] But even Israel, where the deal is widely appreciated and where the government often asserts its peace with the Hashemite Kingdom as a plan for future interest-based agreements with other Arab countries, has not held anniversary events. In October 2018, Jordan informed Israel of its intention not to renew the leased land in accordance with Annex I of the agreement. The annex granted Jordan the right not to renew the lease of Naharayim (Baqoura) and Tzofar/Al Ghamr after 25 years, as a termination takes place one year earlier. [25] Of course, the website also pointed out that the peace agreement also contained a number of protocols establishing a mutually beneficial framework for relations in areas such as trade, transport, tourism, communications, energy, culture, science, navigation, environment, health and agriculture, as well as cooperation agreements for the Jordan Valley and the Aqaba-Eilat region. Netanyahu is prime minister again, but a quarter of a century after the signing of the historic peace agreement between the Jewish state and the Hashemite Kingdom, neither country is doing anything important to celebrate this historic milestone. .